• To study productivity, profitability, sustainability, quality and input-use-efficiencies of different crops and cropping systems under organic farming in different agro-ecological regions.

• To develop efficient crop and soil management options for organic farming.

• To develop need-based cost-effective new techniques for farm-waste recycling.


The experiments in the project have been designed mainly to evaluate the relative performance of location-specific, important cropping systems under organic and conventional (chemical) farming, and assess agronomic efficiency of different production systems.  Cropping systems, which are under evaluation, involve cereal crops (mainly basmati rice, coarse rice, durum and aestivum wheats, sorghum, barley and maize), pulses and oilseeds (blackgram, cowpea, pigeonpea, chickpea, lentil, linseed, green gram, soybean, mustard, sunflower , safflower and groundnut), spices (black pepper, ginger, turmeric, chillies, onion, and garlic), vegetables (potato, okra, baby corn, cowpea, pea, tomato, frenchbean, summer squash, beetroot, carrot,  dolichos bean, coriander and cauliflower), cotton and fodder crops (sorghum, maize, cow pea and berseem) in location-specific cropping systems.  During 2013-14, following five experiments were undertaken at different centers:

  • Evaluation of organic, inorganic and integrated production systems for crops and cropping systems
  • Evaluation of response of different varieties of major crops for organic farming
  • Evaluation of bio-intensive complimentary cropping systems under organic production systems
  • Development of Integrated Organic Farming System models
  • Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) activities in farmers field